Black Bear

The black bear is he most common and widely distributed bear in North America.  


They live mainly in forest areas.  


Bears are omnivores and enjoy a diet high in vegetation.They also eat insects, fruits, berries, nuts, fish, and smaller animals.  


Bears have a keen sense of smell and are drawn to corn fields and bird feeders.


The mating season for bears is in May and June. The cubs are born the following  January. At birth they only weigh one pound. Because of delayed implantation, the embryo remains dormant until late fall. The developmental period for the bear fetus is less than three months.


In winter, not all bears den up. If the weather is not too harsh and food is available, they will remain active. All mothers will den up to have their cubs. Den sites include hollow logs, caves and tree cavities.  


The cubs are born helpless in the dead of winter, totally dependent on their mother for warmth as well as nourishment. She does not eat or drink.  Her milk is produced from her store of body fat.


The mother and cubs emerge from the den in early spring.


The family will stay together through the following winter.  They will then separate from one another in late spring., although sometimes the cubs will stay together for another year.