Eastern Wild Turkey

The eastern wild turkey is the most abundant turkey species. They prefer living in hardwood and mixed forests with access to fields and cropland.  


They forage by scratching through leaves on the forest floor.  The diet for wild turkeys consists of acorns, seeds, fruits, and insects.


Turkeys gather together in flocks for protection. They have an excellent sense of sight and hearing. One watchful turkey can alert the entire flock to danger. They can run up to 25 mph and fly up to 35 mph.


In early spring the males begin gobbling, tail fanning, and strutting to attract females. Approximately 11 eggs are laid by the hen in a shallow nest on the ground and incubated for 28 days. Most young hatch in May and June. They are ready to leave the nest and follow their mother within a day. The babies are most vulnerable to weather and predators in their first three weeks of life. Their chances of survival improve when they are able fly and roost in the trees. The family will stay together until the following spring.